Timo Pukkalan julkaisut

Referoidut metsätieteelliset artikkelit (161 kpl)

Muut metsätieteelliset artikkelit (116 kpl)

Kirjat

Lähde, T. & Pukkala, T. (toim.) 2012. Alikasvoksesta ylispuuksi - Olavi Laihon juhlakirja. Joen Forest Program Consulting. 141 s.

Pukkala, T.  & von Gadow, K (eds) 2012. Continuous Cover Forestry. Structure - Dynamics - Economics. Springer Science+Business Media B.V
.

Pukkala, T., Lähde, E. & Laiho, O. 2011. Metsän jatkuva kasvatus. Joen Forest Program Consulting, Joensuu. 228 p.

von Gadow, K. &  Pukkala, T. (eds.). 2008. Designing green landscapes. Springer Science+Business Media B.V.286 p.

Pukkala, T. 2007. Metsäsuunnittelun menetelmät. Joen Forest Program Consulting, Joensuu. 208 p.

Pukkala, T. (ed.). 2002. Multi-objective forest planning. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dorhrecht, The Netherlands. 207 p.

von Gadow, K., Pukkala, T. & Tome, M.(eds.). 2000. Sustainable forest management. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dorhrecht, The Netherlands. 356 p.

Auvinen, P., Pukkala, T. & Vesa, L. 1997. Metsän kartoitus. Opetushallitus. 153 p.

Pukkala, T. 1994. Metsäsuunnittelun perusteet. Joen Forest Program Consulting, Joensuu. 242 p.

Pukkala, T. & Pohjonen, V. 1989. Forest inventory and management planning in the fuelwood plantations of Ethiopia. Silva Carelica 13. 110 p. + App.

Pukkala, T. 1985. Metsän kaukokartoituksen perus­teet (4. painos 1988). Silva Carelica 4. 166 p.

Referoidut tieteelliset artikkelit

2013

187     Bayat, M., Pukkala, T., Namiranian, M & Zobeiri, M. 2013 Productivity and optimal management of the uneven-aged 
hardwood forests of Hyrcania. European Journal of Forest Research. DOI 10.1007/s10342-013-0714-1

186    Manso, R., Pukkala, T., Pardos, M., Miina, J. & Calama, R. 2013 Ultimate answers to a historical question: natural regeneration failure of Pinus pinea in Central Spain. Canadian Journal of Forest Research.

185    Pukkala, T., Lähde, E. & Laiho, O. 2013. Species interactions in the dynamics of even- and uneven-aged boreal forests. Journal of Sustainable Forestry 32: 1-33

184    Delgado-Matas, C. & Pukkala, T. 2013. Growth models based on radial increment observations for eight pine species in Angola. Southern Forests 75(1) xxx-xxx.

183    de-Miguel, S., Guzmán, G. & Pukkala, T. 2013. A comparison of fixed- and mixed-effects modeling in tree growth and yield prediction of an indigenous neotropical species (Centrolobium tomentosum) in a plantation system. Forest Ecology and Management 291: 259-258.

2012

182    Heiðarsson, L. & Pukkala, T. 2012. Models for simulating the development of Siberian larch (Larix sibirica Ledeb.) plantations in Hallormsstaður Iceland. Icelandic Agricultural Sciences 25: 13-23.

181    Islam, N., Pukkala, T., Kurttila, M., Mehtätalo, L. & Heinonen, T. 2012. de Miguel, S., Mehtätalo, L., Shater, Z., Kraid, B. & Pukkala, T. 2012. Effects of forest inventory errors on the area and spatial layout of harvest blocks. European Journal of Forest Research 131: 1943-1955.

180    Peña, F, de-Miguel, S., Pukkala, T. Bonet, J.A., Ortega-Martínez, P., Aldea, J. & Martínez de Aragón, J. 2012. Yield models for ectomycorrhizal mushrooms in Pinus sylvestris forests with special focus on Boletus edulis and Lactarius group deliciosus. Forest Ecology and Management 282: 63-69.

179    de Miguel, S., Mehtätalo, L., Shater, Z., Kraid, B. & Pukkala, T. 2012. Evaluating marginal and conditional predictions of taper models in the absence of calibration data? Canadian Journal of Forest Research 42: 1383-1394.

178    de Miguel, S., Pukkala, T., Assaf, N. & Bonet, J.-A. 2012. Even-aged or uneven-aged modeling approach? A case for Pinus brutia. Annals of Forest Science 69: 455-465. DOI 10.1007/s13595-011-0171-2.

177    Pukkala, T. & Kellomäki, S. 2012. Anticipatory vs. adaptive optimization of stand management when tree growth and timber prices are stochastic. Forestry 85(4): 463-472.

176    Guzmán, G., Morales, M., Pukkala, T., de-Miguel, S. 2012. A model for predicting the growth of Eucalyptus globulus seedling stands in Bolivia. Forest Systems 21(2): 202-209.

175    Pukkala, T., Sulkava, R., Lähde, E. & Jaakkola, L. 2012. Relationships between economic profitability and habitat quality of Siberian jay in uneven-aged Norway spruce forest. Forest Ecology and Management 276: 224-230.

174    Bonet, J.A., de Miquel, S., Martínez de Aragón, J., Pukkala, T. & Palahí, M. 2012. Immediate effect of thinning on the yield of Lactarius group deliciosus in Pinus pinaster forests in Norteastern Spain. Forest Ecology and Management. 265: 211-217.

173    Delgado-Matas, C. & Pukkala, T. 2012. Growth and yield of nine pine species in Angola. Journal of Forestry Research 23(2): 197-204. Doi: 10.1155/2011/980259.

172    Selkimäki, M., Gonzaléz-Olabarria, J.R. & Pukkala, T. 2012. Site and stand characteristics related to surface erosion occurrence in forests of Catalonia (Spain). European Journal of Forest Research131:727-738

171    Guzmán, G., Pukkala, T., Palahí, M. & de-Miquel, S. 2012. Predicting the growth and yield of Pinus radiata in Bolivia. Annals of Forest Science 69: 335-343

2011

170    Delgado-Matas, C. & Pukkala, T. 2011. Comparison of the growth of six Eucalyptus species in Angola. International Journal of Forestry Research. Doi: 10.1155/2011/980259.

169    Heiðarsson, L. & Pukkala, T. 2011. Taper functions for lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta) and Siberian larch (Larix sibirica) in Iceland. Icelandic Agricultural Sciences 24: 3-11.

168    Packalén, P., Heinonen, T., Pukkala, T., Vauhkonen, J. and Maltamo, M. 2011. Dynamic treatment units in Eucalyptus plantations. Forest Science 57(5): 416-426.

167    Laiho, O., Lähde, E. and Pukkala, T. 2011. Uneven- vs. even-aged management in Finnish boreal forests. Forestry 84(5): 547-556.

166    Pukkala, T., Lähde, E. and Laiho, O. 2011. Variable-density thinning in uneven-aged forest management – a case for Norway spruce in Finland. Forestry 84(5): 557-565.

165    Gonzaléz-Olabarria, J.R., Mola-Yudego, B., Pukkala, T. and Palahí, M. 2011. Using multiscale spatial analysis to assess fire ignition density in Catalonia, Spain. Annals of Forest Science. 68: 861-871.

164    Garcia-Gonzalo, J., Pukkala, T. and Borges, J.G. 2011. Integrating fire risk in stand management scheduling. An application to Maritime pine stands in Portugal. Annals of Operations Research. DOI: 10.1007/s10479-011-0908-1

163    Mehtätalo, L., Comas, C., Pukkala, T. and Palahí, M. 2011. Combining a predicted diameter distribution with an estimate based on a small sample of diameters. Can. J. For. Res. 41: 750–762.

162    Shater, Z., de-Miguel, S., Kraid, B, Pukkala, T. & Palahí, M. 2011. A growth and yield model for even-aged Pinus brutia Ten. stands in Syria. Annals of Forest Science 68: 149-157.

161    Pukkala, T. 2011. Optimizing forest management in Finland with carbon subsidies and taxes. Forest Policy and Economics 13: 425-434.

160    Pukkala, T., Lähde, E., Laiho, O. Salo, K. & Hotanen, J.-P. 2011. A multifunctional comparison of even-aged and uneven-aged forest management in a boreal region. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 41: 851-862.

159    Pukkala, T., Lähde, E. & Laiho, O. 2011. Using optimization for fitting individual-tree growth models for uneven-aged stands. European Journal of Forest Research 130(5): 829-839.

158    Coll, L., González-Olabarria , J.R., Mola-Yudego, B. Pukkala, T. & Messier, C. 2011. Predicting understory maximum shrubs cover using altitude and overstory basal area in different Mediterranean forests. European Journal of Forest Research 130: 55-65.

157    Möykkynen, T. & Pukkala, T. 2011. Effect of planting Scots pine around Norway spruce stumps on the spread of Heterobasidion coll. Forest Pathology 41: 212-220.

156    Heinonen, T., Pukkala, T., Ikonen, V.-P., Peltola, H., Gregow, H. & Venäläinen, A. 2011. Consideration of strong winds, their directional distribution and snow loading in wind risk assessment related to landscape level forest planning. Forest Ecology and Management 261: 710-719.

155    González-Olabarria, J.-R. & Pukkala, T. 2011 Integrating risk considerations in landscape-level forest planning. Forest Ecology and Management 261: 278-287.

2010

154     de Miguel, S., Pukkala, T., Shater, Z., Assaf, N., Kraid, B. &  Palahí, M. Models for simulating the development of even-aged Pinus brutia stands in Middle East. Forest Systems 2010 19(3): 0-0

153     Delgado-Matas, C. & Pukkala, T. Growth models for Pinus patula in Angola. Southern Forests 2010, 72(3/4): 153-161.

152     Islam, N. Md., Kurttila, M. Mehtätalo, L. & Pukkala, T. Inoptimality losses in forest management decisions caused by errors in an inventory based on airborne laser scanning and aerial photographs. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 40: 2427-2438.

151     Zeng, H., Pukkala, T., Peltola, H. & Kellomäki, S. Optimization of irregular-grid cellular automata and application in risk management of wind damage in forest planning. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 40: 1064-1075.

150     Tahvonen, O., Pukkala, T., Laiho, O., Lähde, E. & Niinimäki, S. Optimal management of uneven-aged Norway spruce stands.  Forest Ecology and Management 260: 106-115.

149     Pukkala, T., Hokkanen, T. & Nikkanen, T. Prediction models for the annual seed crop of Picea abies (L.) Karst. (Norway spruce) and Pinus sylvestris L. (Scots pine) in Finland. Silva Fennica 44(4): 629-642.

148     Pasalodos-Tato, M., Pukkala, T. & Rojo Alboreca, A.Optimal management of Pinus pinaster in Galicia (north-western Spain) under endogenous risk of fire. International Journal of Wildland Fire 19: 937-948.

147     Miina, J., Pukkala, T., Hotanen, J.-P. & Salo, K. Optimizing the joint production of timber and bilberries. Forest Ecology and Management 259: 2065-2071.

146     Möykkynen, T. & Pukkala, T. Optimizing the management of Norway spruce and Scots pine mixtures on a site infected by Heterobasidion coll. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research 40: 347-356.

145     Bonet, J.A., Palahí, M., Colinas, C., Pukkala, T., Fischer, C., Miina, J. & Martinez de Aragon, J. Modelling the production of wild mushrooms in pine forests in the Central Pyrenees in northeastern Spain. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 40: 347-356.

144     Pukkala, T., Lähde, E. & Laiho, O. 2010. Optimizing the structure and management of uneven-sized stands in Finland. Forestry 83(2): 129-142.

2009

143     Pasalodos-Tato, M., Pukkala, T., Rodriguez, R., Nunez, F. & Mosquera Losada, M.R. Optimal management of Pinus radiata silvopastoral systems established on abandoned agricultural land in Galicia (north-western Spain). Silva Fennica 43(5): 831-845.

142     Heinonen, T., Pukkala, T., Ikonen, V.-P., Peltola, H., Venäläinen, A. & Duponts, S. Integrating the risk of wind damage into forest planning. Forest Ecology and Management 258: 1567-1577.

141     Kurttila, M. & Pukkala, T. Tilatason metsäsuunnitelman koostaminen metsikkötason optimoinnilla. Metsätieteen aikakauskirja 4/2009: 341-355.

 140    Pasalodos-Tato, M.., Pukkala, T. & Castedo-Dorado, F. Models for the optimal management of Pinus radiata D. Don in Galicia (north-western Spain) under risk of fire. Allgemeine Forst- und Jagdzeitung 180: 238-249.

139     Palahi, M., Pukkala, T., Bonet, J.A., Colinas, C., Fisher, R.F. & Martinez se Aragon, J.R. Effect of the inclusion of mushroom values on the optimal management of even-aged pine stands of Catalonia. Forest Science 55(6): 503-511.

138     Möykkynen, T. & Pukkala, T. Optimizing the management of a Norway spruce stand on a site infected by Heterobasidion coll. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research 24: 149-159.

137     Pukkala, T., Lähde, E. & Laiho, O. 2009. Growth and yield models for uneven-sized forest stands in Finland. Forest Ecology and Management 258: 207-216.

136     Pukkala, T.  Population-based methods in the optimization of stand management. Silva Fennica 43(2): 261-274.

135     Pukkala, T. , Heinonen, T. & Kurttila, M. An application of the reduced cost approach to spatial forest planning. Forest Science 55(1): 13-22.

134     Blasco, E., González-Olabarria, J.R., Rodriguéz-Veiga, P., Pukkala, T., Kolehmainen, O. & Palahí, M. Predicting scenic beauty of forest stands in Catalonia (North-east Spain). Journal of Forestry Research 20(1): 73-78.

2008

133     Pukkala, T. Integrating multiple services in the numerical analysis of landscape design. In: Gadow, K.v.. & Pukkala, T. (Eds.). Designing green landscapes. Managing Forest Ecosystems 15: 137-167.

132     González-Olabarria, J.R., Palahí, M., Pukkala, T. & Trasobares, A. Optimizing the management of Pinus nigra Arn. stands under endogenous risk of fire in Catalonia. Investigacion Agraria: Sistemas Recursos Forestales 17(1): 10-17.

131     Heinonen, T., Leppänen, V. Pukkala, T. & Gunia, M. Dynaamisiin käsittelykuvioihin perustuva metsäsuunnittelu. Metsätieteen aikakauskirja 4/2008: 281-293.

130     Palahí, M. Pukkala, T. & Trasobares, A. The use of tree level vs. stand level data in forest planning – does it really matter? Annals of Forest Science 65(1): 110

129     Palahí, M. Pukkala, T., Kasimiadis, D., Konstantinos, P. & Papageorgiou, A.C. Modelling site quality and individual-tree growth in pure and mixed Pinus brutia stands in north-east Greece. Annals of Forest Science 65(5): 501p1-501p14.

128     Bonet, J.A., Pukkala, T., Fischer, C., Palahí, M., Martinez de Aragon, J. & Colinas, C. Empirical models for predicting the production of wild mushrooms in Scots pine  (Pinus sylvestris L.) forests in the Central Pyrenees. Annals of Forest Science 65(2): 206

2007

127     Heinonen, T. & Pukkala, T. The use of cellular automaton approach in forest planning. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 37: 2188-2200.

126     González, J.R., Trasobares, A., Palahí, M. & Pukkala, T. Predicting stand damage and tree survival in burned forests in Catalonia (North_East Spain). Annals of Forest Science 64(7):733-742

125     Pasalodos-Tato, M. & Pukkala, T. Optimising the management of even-aged Pinus sylvestris L. stands in Galicia, north-western Spain. Annals of Forest Science 64(7): 787-798. 

124     Koskela, E., Ollikainen, M. & Pukkala, T. Biodiversity policies in commercial boreal forests:     optimal design of subsidy and tax combinations. Forest Policy and Economics 9(8): 982-995.

123     González, J.R. & Pukkala, T. Characterization of forest fires in Catalonia (north-east Spain). European Journal of Forest Research 126(3): 421-429.

122     Palahí, M., Pukkala, T., Blasco, E. & Trasobares, A. Comparison of beta, Johnson’s SB, Weibull and truncated Weibull functions for modeling the diameter distribution of forest stands in Catalonia (north-east Spain). European Journal of Forest Research.  126(4): 563-571.

121     Möykkynen, T. & Pukkala, T. Juurikäävän leviäminen Etelä-Suomen kuusikoissa ja kuusi-mänty-sekametsissä mekanistisen mallin mukaan. Metsätieteen aikakauskirja 1/2007: 5-18.

120     Zeng, H., Pukkala, T., Peltola, H. & Kellomäki, S. Application of ant colony optimization for the risk management of wind damage in forest planning. Silva Fennica 41(2): 315-332.

119     Tahvanainen, T., Kaartinen, K., Pukkala, T. & Maltamo, M. Comparison of approaches to integrate energy wood estimation into the Finnish compartment inventory system. Silva Fennica 41(1): 123-135

118     Heinonen, T., Kurttila, M. & Pukkala, T. Possibilities to aggregate raster cells through spatial optimization in forest planning. Silva Fennica 41(1): 89-103

117     Zeng, H., Pukkala, T. and Peltola, H. 2007. The use of heuristic optimization in risk management of wind damage in forest planning. Forest Ecology and Management 241: 189- 199.

116     González, J.R., Kolehmainen, O. & Pukkala, T. Using expert knowledge to model forest stand vulnerability to fire. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 55(2007):  107-114.

115     Koskela, E., Ollikainen, M. & Pukkala, T. Biodiversity conservation in commercial boreal forestry:  optimal rotation age and volume of retention. Forest Science 53(3): 443-452.

114     Hurme, E., Kurttila, M., Mönkkönen, M., Heinonen, T. & Pukkala, T. Maintenance of flying squirrel habitat and timber harvest: a site-specific spatial model in forest planning calculations.  Landscape Ecology (2007) 22: 243-256.

2006

113     Palahí, M., Pukkala, T. & Trasobares, A. Modelling the diameter distribution of Pinus sylvestris, Pinus nigra and Pinus halepensis forest stands in Catalonia using the truncated Weibulll function. Forestry 79: 553-562.

112     Pukkala, T.& Heinonen, T. Optimizing heuristic search in forest planning. Nonlinear Analysis: Real World Applications 7: 1284-1297.

111     Palahí, M., Pukkala, T. & Trasobares, A. Calibrating predicted tree diameter distributions in Catalonia, Spain. Silva Fennica 40(3): 487-500.

110     Pukkala, T. Optimising the semi-continuous cover forestry of Finland. Allgemaine Forst und Jagd Zeitung 1677: 141-149.

109     Pukkala, T. Puun hinta ja taloudellisesti optimaalinen hakkuun ajankohta. Metsätieteen aikakauskirja 1/2006: 33-48.

108     González, J.R., Palahí, M., Trasobares, A. & Pukkala, T. A fire probability model for forest stands in Catalonia (north-east Spain). Annals of Forest Science 63: 169-176.

2005

107     Palahí, M. & Pukkala, T. Métodos de optimización heurística para la resolución de modelos de planificación forestal. Cuadernos de la Sociedad Española de Ciencias Forestales 18/2004: 103-108.

106     Ihalainen Marjut, Pukkala Timo & Saastamoinen Olli. Regional expert models for bilberry and cowberry yields in Finland. Boreal Environment Research, 2005. Vol. 10, no. 2, s. 145-158.

105     Pukkala, T. The use of multi-criteria decision analysis and multi-objective optimisation in forest planning. In: Hasenauer, H. (Ed.) Sustainable Forest Management. Growth Models for Europe. Springer. p. 263-284.

104     Pukkala, T., Möykkynen, T., Thor, M., Rönnberg, J., Stenlid, J. Modeling infection and spread of Heterobasidion annosum in even-aged Fennoscandian conifer stands. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 35: 74-84.

103     González, J.R.. Palahí, M. & Pukkala, T. Integrating fire risk considerations in forest management planning in Spain – a landscape level perspective. Landscape Ecology 20(8): 957-970.

102     Pukkala, T. & Miina, J. Optimising the management of a heterogeneous stand. Silva Fennica 39(4): 525-538.

101     Gonzalez, J.R., Pukkala, T. & Palahi, M. Optimising the management of
Pinus sylvestris L. stand under the risk of fire in Catalonia (north-east Spain). Annals of Forest Science 62(2005): 493-501.

100     Pukkala, T. Metsikön tuottoarvon ennustemallit kivennäismaan männiköille, kuusikoille ja rauduskoivikoillle. Metsätieteen aikakauskirja 3/2005: 311-322.

99        Mikkilä, M., Kolehmainen, O. & Pukkala, T. Multi-attribute assessment of acceptability of operations in the pulp and paper industries. Forest Policy and Economics 7(2): 227-243.

98        Pukkala, T. & Kurttila, M. Examining the performance of six heuristic optimization techniques in different forest planning problems. Silva Fennica 39(1):67-80.

97        Trasobares, A. & Pukkala, T. Optimising the management of uneven-aged Pinus sylvestris L. and Pinus nigra Arn. Mixed stands in Catalonia, north-east Spain. Annals of Forest Science 61: 747-758.

2004

96        Heinonen, T. & Pukkala, T. A comparison between one- and two-neighbourhoods in heuristic search with spatial forest management goals. Silva Fennica 38(3): 319-332.

95        Ylikoski, P., Niskanen, Y., Hänninen, H., Kurttila, M. & Pukkala, T. Spatiaaliset tekijät uudistusikäisen metsikön hakkuupäätöksessä. Metsätieteen aikakauskirja 3: 255-267.

94        Palahí , M., Pukkala, T., Pascual, L. & Trasobares, A. Examining alternative landscape metrics in ecological forest landscape planning: a case for capercaillie in Catalonia Investigaciones Agrarias: Sistemas de Recursos Forestales 13(3): 527-538.

93        Pukkala, T. Dealing with ecological objectives in the Monsu planning system. Silva Lusitana, Special issue (2004): 1-15.

92        Trasobares, A., Pukkala, T. & Miina, J. 2004. Growth and yield model for uneven-aged mixtures of Pinus sylvestris L. and Pinus nigra Arn. in Catalonia, north-east Spain. Annals of Forest Science 6: 9-24.

91        Trasobares, A. & Pukkala, T. Using past growth to improve individual-tree diameter growth models for uneven-aged mixtures of Pinus sylvestris L. and Pinus nigra Arn. In Catalonia, north-east Spain. Annals of Forest Science 61: 400-417.

2003

90        Ihalainen, M., Salo, K.  & Pukkala, T. 2003. Empirical prediction models for Vaccinium myrtillus and V. vitis-idaea berry yields in North Karelia, Finland. Silva Fennica 37(1): 95-108.

89        Jumppanen, J., Kurttila, M., Pukkala, T. & Uuttera, J. 2003. Spatial harvest scheduling approach for areas involving multiple ownership. Forest Policy and Economics 5: 27-38.

88        Kurttila, M. & Pukkala, T. 2003. Combining holding-level economic goals with spatial landscape-level goals in the planning of multiple ownership forestry. Landscape Ecology 18: 529-541.

87        Palahí, M. & Pukkala, T. 2003. Optimising the management of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) stands in Spain based on individual-tree models.  Annals of Forest Science. 60: 105-114.

86        Palahí, M., Pukkala, T., Miina, J. & Montero, G. 2003. Individual-tree growth and mortality models for Pinus sylvestris in Northeast  Spain. Annals of Forest Science 60: 1-10.

85        Pukkala, T., Ketonen, T. & Pykäläinen, J., & Kangas, J. 2003. Predicting the timber supply from private forests – a utility theoretic approach. Forest Policy and Economics 5(3): 285-296.

84        Palahí, M., Tome, M., Pukkala, T., Trasobares, A. & Montero, G. 2003. Site index model for Pinus sylvestris in north-east Spain. Forest Ecology and Management 187: 35-47. 

2002

83        Pukkala, T. 2002. Measuring non-wood forest outputs in numerical forest planning. In: Pukkala, T. (Ed.). Multi-objective forest planning. Kluwer Academic Publishers. Dordrecht. Pp. 173-207. 

82        Ihalainen, M., Alho, J., Kolehmainen, O. & Pukkala, T. 2002. Models for bilberry and cowberry yields in Forests. Forest Ecology and Management 157: 15-22.

81        Kurttila, M., Uuttera, J., Mykrä, S., Kurki, S. & Pukkala, T. 2002. Decreasing the fragmentation of old forests in landscapes involving multiple ownership in Finland: economic, social and ecological consequences. Forest Ecology and Management 166: 69-84.

80        Muchiri, M.N., Pukkala, T. & Miina, J. 2002. Modeling trees’ effect on maize–Grevillea robusta fields in Kenya. Agroforestry Systems 55(2): 113-123.

79        Muchiri, M.N., Pukkala, T. & Miina, J. 2002. Optimising the management of maize – Grevillea robusta fields in Kenya. Agroforestry Systems 56: 13-25.

78        Muchiri, M.N., Miina, J. & Pukkala, T. 2002. Yield of Grevillea robusta in the maize fields of Kenya. Journal of Tropical Science 14(4): 485-498.

77        Kurttila, M., Uuttera, J., Mykrä, S., Kurki, S. & Pukkala, T. 2002. Evaluating the economic, social and ecological effects of restructuring forest landscape under multiple ownership. Forest Ecology and Management 166: 69-84.

76        Kurttila, M., Pukkala, T. & Loikkanen, J. 2002. The performance of alternative spatial objective types in forest planning calculations: a case for flying squirrel and moose. Forest Ecology and Management 166: 245-260.

75        Pretzsch, H., Biber, P., Dursky, K., von Gadow, K., Hasenauer, H., Kändler, H., Kenk. K. Kublin, E., Nagel, J., Pukkala, T., Skovsgaard, J.P., Sodtke, R. & Sterba, H. 2002. Recommendations for standardized documentation and further development of forest growth simulators. Forstwissenschaftliche Centralblatt 121: 138-151. 

74        Pukkala, T., Miina, J. & Palahi, M. 2002. Thinning response and thinning bias in a young Scots pine stand. Silva Fennica 36(4): 827-840.

73        Mabvurira, D. & Pukkala, T. 2002. Optimising the management of Eucalyptus grandis stands in Zimbabwe. Forest Ecology and Management 166: 149-157.

72        Silvennoinen, H., Pukkala, T. & Tahvanainen, L. 2002. Effect of cuttings on the scenic beauty of a tree stand. Scandinavia Journal of Forest Research 17: 263-273.

2001

71        Kurttila, M., Pukkala, T. & Kangas, J. 2001. Composing landscape level forest plans for an area under multiple private ownership. Boreal Environmental Research 6: 285-296.

70        Miina, J. & Pukkala, T. 2001. Application of ecological field theory in distance-dependent individual-tree growth modelling. Forest Ecology and Management 161: 101-107.

69        Pykäläinen, J., Pukkala, T., & Kangas, J. 2001. Alternative priority models for forest planning on the landscape level involving multiple ownership. Forest Policy and Economics 2: 293-306.

68        Ihalainen, M. Pukkala, T. 2001. Modelling cowberry and bilberry yields from mineral soils and peatlands on the basis of visual estimation. Silva Fennica 35(3): 329-340.

67        Silvennoinen, H., Alho, J., Kolehmainen, O. & Pukkala, T. 2001. Prediction models of landscape preferences at the forest stand level. Landscape and Urban Planning 56(1-2): 11-20.

2000

66        Ihalainen, M., Alho, J., Kolehmainen, O. & Pukkala, T. 2000. Expert models for berry and cowberry yields in Finnish forests. Forest Ecology and Management 5413: 1-8.

65        Rautalin, M. Uusitalo, J. & Pukkala, T. 2000. Estimation of tree stand characteristics through computer visualisation. Landscape and Urban Planning.  764: 1-10.

64        Kangas, J., Pukkala, T. & Kangas, A. 2000. HERO: Heuristic optimisation for multi-criteria forestry decision analysis.  In: Schmoldt, D., Kangas, J., Mendoza, G. & Pesonen M. (Eds.). The analytic Hierarchy Process in nature resource and environmental decision making. Kluwer Academic Publishers. Dordrecht. Pp. 51-65

63        Kangas, J., Leskinen, P. & Pukkala, T. 2000. Integrating timber price scenario modeling with tactical management planning of private forestry at forest holding level. Silva Fennica 34(4): 399-409.

62        Miina, J. & Pukkala, T. 2000. Using numerical optimization for specifying individual-tree competition models. Forest Science 46(2): 277-283.

61        Möykkynen, T., Miina, J. and Pukkala, T. 2000. Optimizing the management of a Picea abies stand under risk of butt rot. European Journal of Forest Pathology 30: 65-76.

60        Rautiainen, O, Miina, J. & Pukkala, T. 2000. Optimizing the management of even-aged Shorea robusta stands in Southern Nepal using individual tree growth models. Forest Ecology and Management 126: 417-429.

1998

59        Pukkala, T. 1998. Multiple risks in multi-objective forest planning: integration and importance. Forest Ecology and Management 111: 265-284.

58        Pukkala, T. & Miina, J. 1998. Tree-selection algorithms for optimising thinnings with a distance-dependent growth model. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 28: 693-702.

57        Möykkynen, T., Miina, J., Pukkala, T. & von Weissenberg, K. 1998. Modelling the spread of butt rot in a Picea abies stand in Finland to evaluate the profitability of stump protection against Heterobasidion annosum. Forest Ecology and Management 106: 247 - 257.

56        Pukkala, T., Miina, J. & Kellomäki, S. 1998. Response to different thinning intensities in young Pinus sylvestris. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research 13: 141-150.

1997

55        Pukkala, T., Kangas, J., Kniivilä, M. & Tiainen, A-M. 1997. Integrating forest-level and compartment-level indices of species diversity with numerical forest planning. Silva Fennica 31(4): 417-429.

54        Pukkala, T., Miina, J., Kurttila, M. & Kolström, T. 1997. A spatial yield model for optimizing the thinning regime of mixed stand of Pinus sylvestris and Picea abies. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research 13: 31-42.

53        Pukkala, T. & Miina, J. 1997. A method for stochastic multi-objective optimization of stand management. Forest Ecology and Management 98: 189-203.

1996

52        Kangas, J., Pykäläinen, J. & Pukkala, T. 1996. Vuorvakutteinen heuristinen optimointi yksityismetsien suunnittelussa. Folia Forestalia 1996(3): 231-244.

51        Kangas, J., Loikkanen, T., Pukkala, T. & Pykäläinen, J. 1996. A participatory approach to tactical forest planning. Acta Foresetalia Fennica 251. 24 p.

50        Pukkala, T. & Kangas, J. 1996. A method for integrating risk and attitude toward risk into forest planning. Forest Science 42(2): 198-205.

49        Kangas, J. & Pukkala, T. 1996. Operationalization of biological diversity as a decision objective in tactical forest planning. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 26(1): 103-111.

1995

48        Miina, J. & Pukkala, T. 1995. Effect of thinning method on the yield of a Scots pine stand on drained peatland. A simulation approach. Suo 46(1): 1-7.

47        Pukkala, T., Nuutinen, T. & Kangas, J. 1995. Integrating the amenity of forest area into numerical forest planning. Landscape and Urban Planning 132: 185-195.

1994

46        Pukkala, T., Kolström, T. & Miina, J. 1994. A method for predicting tree dimensions in Scots pine and Norway spruce stands. Forest Ecology and Management 65: 123-134.

45        Pohjonen, V. & Pukkala, T. 1994. Yield of Eucalyptus camaldulensis in Thailand. Thai Journal of Forestry 13: 29-37.

44        Pukkala, T., Vettenranta, J., Kolström T. & Miina, J. 1994. Productivity of a mixed Scots pine - Norway spruce stand. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research 9: 143-153.

1993

43        Kuuluvainen, T., Hokkanen, T.J., Järvinen, E. and Pukkala, T. 1993. Factors related to seedling growth in a boreal Scots pine stand: a spatial analysis of a vegetation-soil system. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 23: 2101-2109.

42        Kangas, J., Karsikko, J., Laasonen, L. & Pukkala, T. 1993. A Method for estimating habitat suitability on the basis of expertise. Silva Fennica 27(4): 259-268.

41        Pukkala, T. & Pohjonen, V. 1993. Yield of Cupressus lusitanica in Ethiopia. Silva Fennica 27: 195-207.

40        Pukkala, T. & Kangas, J. 1993. A heuristic optimization method for forest planning and decision making. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research 8: 560-570.

39        Kangas, J., Laasonen, L. & Pukkala, T. 1993. A method for estimating forest landowner's landscape preferences. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research 8: 408-417.

38        Pukkala, T., Kuuluvainen, T. & Stenberg, P. 1993. Below-canopy distribution of photosynthetically active radiation and its relation to seedling growth in a boreal Scots pine stand: a simulation approach. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research 8: 313-325.

1992

37        Nousiainen, I. & Pukkala, T. 1992. Use of computer graphics for predicting the amenity of forest trails. Silva Fennica 26(4): 241-250.

36        Pukkala, T., Karsikko, J. & Kolström, T. 1992. A spatial model for the diameter of thickest branch of Scots pine. Silva Fennica 26(4): 219-230.

35        Kangas, J. & Pukkala, T. 1992. A decision theoretic approach to goal programming problem formulation: an example on integrated forest management. Silva Fennica 26(3): 169-176.

34        Pukkala, T. & Kolström, T. 1992. A spatial regeneration model for Pinus sylvestris. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research 7: 377-385.

1991

33        Pukkala, T. & Kolström, T. 1991. Effect of spatial pattern of trees on the growth of Norway spruce stand. A simula­tion model. Silva Fennica 25(3): 117-131.

32        Kuuluvainen, T. & Pukkala, T. 1991. Interaction between canopy architecture and photosynthetically active radiation at different latitudes: simulation experiments and their ecological implications. Naturalia Monspeliensia: 277-291.

31        Pohjonen, V. & Pukkala, T. 1991. Which eucalypt grows best in Ethiopian highlands? Biomass and Bioenergy 1(4): 193-195.

30        Pohjonen, V. & Pukkala, T. 1991. Juniperus procera Hocht ex. Endl. in Ethiopian forestry. Forest Ecology and Management 49: 75-85.

29        Miina, J., Kolström, T. & Pukkala, T. 1991. An application of a spatial growth model of Scots pine on drained peat­land. Forest Ecology and Management 41: 265-277.

28        Pukkala, T., Becker, P., Kuuluvainen, T. & Oker-Blom, P­. 1991. Predicting spatial distribution of direct radia­tion below forest canopies. Agricultural and Forest Meteo­rology 55: 295-307.

1990

27        Pukkala, T. & Pohjonen, V. 1990. Use of linear programming in land use planning in the Ethiopian high­lands. Silva Fennica 24(2): 235-247.

26        Pukkala, T., Saramäki, J. & Mubita, O. 1990. Management plann­i­n­g s­y­s­tem for tree plantations. A case study for Pinus kesiya in Zambia. Silva Fennica. 24(2): 171-180.

25        Pukkala, T. & Pohjonen, V. 1990. Yield models for Eucalyptus globulus plantations in Ethiopia. Bioma­ss 21: 129-143.

24        Pukkala, T. 1990. A method for incorporating the within-stand variation into forest management planning. Scandinavi­an Journal of Forest Research 5: 263-275.

1989

23        Oker-Blom, P., Pukkala, T. & Kuuluvainen, T. 1989. Relationship bet­ween radiation interception and photosynthesis in forest canopies: effect of stand structure and latitude. Ecological Modelling 49: 73-87.

22        Kellomäki, S. & Pukkala, T. 1989. Management of forest landscape: a method based on computer simulation. Landscape and Urban Planning 18: 117-125.

21        Pohjonen, V. & Pukkala, T. 1989. Eucalyptus globulus in Ethiop­ian Forestry. Forest Ecology and Management 36: 19-31.

20        Pukkala, T. 1989. Predicting diameter growth in even-aged Scots pine stands with a spatial and non-spatial model. Silva Fennica 23(2): 101-116.

19        Kuuluvainen, T. & Pukkala, T. 1989. Effect of Scots pine seed trees on the spatial distribution of ground vegeta­tion and tree seedlings. An approach based on ecological fields. Silva Fennica 23(2): 159-167.

18        Kuuluvainen, T. & Pukkala, T. 1989. Simulation of within-tree and between-tree shading of direct radiation in forest canopy: effect of crown shape and sun elevation. Ecologi­cal Modelling 49: 89-100.

17        Pukkala, T. 1989. Prediction of tree diameter and height in a Scots pine stand as a function of the spa­tial pattern of trees. Silva Fennica 23(2): 83-99.

1988

16        Pohjonen, V. & Pukkala, T. 1988. Profitability of establishing Eucal­yptus globulus plantations in the Central Highlands of Ethiopia. Silva Fennica 22(4): 307-321.

15        Pukkala, T. 1988. Methods to describe the competition process in a tree stand. Scan­dinav­ian Jour­nal of Forest Resea­rch 4: 187-202.

14        Pukkala, T., Kellomäki, S. & Mustonen, E. 1988. Predic­tion of the ameni­ty of a tree stand. Scan­dinavian Journal of Forest Resea­rch 3: 533-544.

13        Pukkala, T. & Kolström, T. 1988. Simulating the d­e­velopment of Norway spruce stands using transition matrix. Forest Ecology and Management 25: 255-267.

12        Pukkala, T. & Kellomäki, S. 1988. Simulation as a tool i­n designing forest landscape. Landscape and Urban Planning 16: 253-260.

11        Pukkala, T. 1988. Methods to incorporate the amenity of landsc­ape into forest management planning. Silva Fennica 22(2): 135-146.

10        Pukkala, T. 1988. Effect of spatial distribution of trees on the volume increment of a young Pine stand. Silva Fennica 22(1): 1-17.

1987

9          Nikkanen, T. & Pukkala, T. 1987. Siemenviljelysten harvennus­ suunnitelman laatiminen atk-ohjelmis­tolla. Summary: Making a thinning plan for seed orchards using a com­puter program. Folia Fores­talia 701: 1-26.

8          Pukkala, T. & Kuuluvainen, T. 1987. Effect of canopy structure on the diur­nal photo­syn­thesis and inter­ception of diffuse solar radiation. Silva Fennica 21(3):237-250.

7          Kuuluvainen, T. & Pukkala, T. 1987. Effect of crown shape and tree dis­tribu­tion of the spatial dis­tribution of shade. Agricul­tural and Forest Meteor­ology. 40: 215-231.

6          Pukkala, T. 1987. Kuusen ja männyn siemensadon ennustemalli. Abstract: A model for predicting the seed crop of Picea abies and Pinus syl­vestris. Silva Fennica 21(2): 135-144.

5          Pukkala, T. 1987. Siementuotannon vaikutus kuusen ja m­ä­n­n­y­n vuotuiseen kasvuun. Abstract: Effect of seed production on the annual growth of Picea abies and Pinus sylvestris. Silva Fennica 21(2): 145-158.

4          Pukkala, T. 1987. Simulation model for natural regen­era­tion of Pinus sylvestris, Picea abies, Betula pendula and Betula pubes­cence. Silva Fennica 21(1): 37-53.

3          Pukkala, T. & Kolström, T. 1987. Competition indices and the prediction of radial growth in Scots pine. Silva Fennica 21(1): 55-67.

2          Kellomäki, S., Hänninen, H., Kolström, T., Kotisaari, A. & Pukkala, T. 1987. A tentative model for describing the effects of some regenerative processes on the properties of natural seedling stands. Silva Fennica 21(1): 1-10.

1982

1          Leikola, M., Raulo, J. & Pukkala, T. 1982. Männyn, kuusen ja rauduskoivun siemensadon ennus­taminen. Summary: Prediction of seed crop of pine, spruce and birch stands. Folia Forestalia 537: 1-43.

Muut metsätieteelliset artikkelit

2013

127    de Miguel, S., Pukkala, T. Pasalodos, J. 2013. Dynamics treatment units: combining spatial optimization methods and LiDAR aiming at a flexible and adaptive forest management and planning. Sorest Systems.

126    Lähde, E. & Pukkala, T. 2013. Jatkuva kasvatus vähentää puuntuotannon ja metsän muiden käyttömuotojen välisiä ristiriitoja. Kirjassa Lähde, E. & Pukkala, T. (toim.). Alikasvoksesta ylispuuksi. Joen Forest Program Consulting. s. 105-136.

125    Pukkala, T. 2013. Metsätalouden hiilitase – pelkkä nollako?. Kirjassa Lähde, E. & Pukkala, T. (toim.). Alikasvoksesta ylispuuksi. Joen Forest Program Consulting. s. 47-60.

124    Pukkala, T. 2013. Jokametsän kasvumallit laajentavat suunnittelun mahdollisuuksa. Kirjassa Lähde, E. & Pukkala, T. (toim.). Alikasvoksesta ylispuuksi. Joen Forest Program Consulting. s. 9-26.

123    Pukkala, T 2013. Metsälaki ja metsälaskelmat – eroja ja yhtäläisyyksiä. Metsätieteen aikakauskirja 1/2013: 85-90.

2012

122    Heidarsson, L. Pukkala, T 2012. Models for simulating the temporal development of Siberian larch (Larix sibirica) plantations in Hallormsstadur, Iceland, Skógrækt ríkisins, Miethvangi 2-4, 700 Egilsstaethir, Iceland.

121    Schütz, J.-P., Pukkala, T., Donoso, P.J. and von Gadow, K. 2012. Historical emergence and current application of CCF. In: Pukkala, T & von Gadow, K. (Eds.) Continuous Cover Forestry. Springer. Pp. 1-28.
 

120    Pukkala, T., Lähde, E. & Laiho, O. 2012. Continuous cover forestry in Finland – Recent research results. In: Pukkala, T & von Gadow, K. (Eds.) Continuous Cover Forestry. Springer. Pp. 85-128.
 

119    Ahmadi-Sani, N., Babaie-Kafaki, S., Pukkala, T. & Mataji, A. 2002. Integration of GIS, RS and MCDM for Ecological Land Suitability Assessment In Multiple-use Forestry. Archives des Sciences 65(6): 59-70.

2011

118    de Miguel, S., Bonet, J.A., Pukkala, T., & Solano, D. 2011. Modelización, simulación y optimización para el manejo de sistemas forestales: La investigación como base de la planificación forestal en países empobrecidos”. I Congreso de Investigación en Agricultura para el Desarrollo. Red de Investigación en Agricultura para el Desarrollo . Madrid, 17-18 de octubre de 2011 (CO).

117    de Miguel, S., Pukkala, T., Assaf, N. & Bonet, J.A. 2011. Even-aged or uneven-aged modelling approach, that is the question : a case for Pinus brutia. Medpine 4 : 4th International Conference on Mediterranean Pines. Avignon, 6-10 June, 2011 (CO).

2010

116     Lähde, E., Laiho, O. & Pukkala, T. 2010. Eri- ja tasarakenteiskasvatuksen vertailua Pohjoismaissa. Metlan työraportteja 176. 22 p. (http://www.metla.fi/julkaisut/workingpapers/2010/mwp176.htm)

2009

115     Palahi, M., Bonet, J.A., Pukkala, T., Fisher, C., Martinez de Aragon, J. & Colinas, C.  2009. Modelling the production of wild mushrooms in Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) forests in Catalonia. EFI Proceedings 57: 30-37.

2008

114     Gadow, K.v. & Pukkala, T (eds). 2008. Designing Green Landscapes. Managing Forest Ecosystems 15. Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 286 pp.

113     Palalodos-Tato, M. & Pukkala, T. 2007. Assessing fire risk in stand-level management in Galicia. Modelling, Monitoring and Management of Forest Fires. WITPress, Wessex, UK. Pp. 89-97.

2007

112     Solano, J.M., Fernández, J., Palahí Lozano, M., Pukkala, T., & Prokofieva, I. 2007. Es rentable la gestión forestal en Cataluña?. Economistas, ISSN 0212-4386, Año Nº 25, Nº 113: 116-124.

2006

111     Palahí, M., González, J.R., Pukkala, T. & Trasobares, A. 2006. Modelització del risc d’incendis per la gestió forestal a Catalunya. Silvicultura 51(2/2006): 2-5.

110     Pykäläinen, J., Kurttila, M. & Pukkala, T. 2006. Interactive forest planning with NIPF owners. Working Papers of the Finnish Forest Research Institute 38: 61-65.

109     Pukkala, T. 2006. Biologisten prosessien taloudellinen ohjaus metsäsuunnittelussa. Kirjassa: Jalonen, R., Hanski, I., Kuuluvainen, T., Pelkonen, P., Puttonen, P., Raitio, K. & Tahvonen, O. Uusi metsäkirja, Gaudeamus, Helsinki. s 143-147

108     Pukkala, T. & Kurttila, M. 2006. Monimuotoisuuden edistäminen metsien spatiaaliseen rakenteeseen vaikuttamalla. Etelä-Suomen metsien monimuotoisuusohjelman tutkimusraportti (Metson jäljillä): 301-303.

107     Pukkala, T. 2006. Muut kuin puuaineiset tuotteet metsäsuunnittelussa. Metsätieteen aikakauskirja 1/2006: 72-91.

2005

106     Pukkala, T. & Miina, J. 2005. STAND: A decision support system for the management of even-aged stands in Finland. In: Hasenauer, H. (Ed.) Sustainable Forest Management. Growth Models for Europe. Springer. p. 85-91.

105     Thor, M, Möykkynen, T, Pratt, J E, Pukkala, T, Rönnberg, J, Shaw, C G III, Stenlid, J, Ståhl, G & Woodward, S. 2005. Modeling infection and spread of Heterobasidion annosum in coniferous forests in Europe. In: Bevers, Michael; Barrett, Tara M., tech. comps. 2005. Systems Analysis in Forest Resources: Proceedings of the 2003 Symposium; October 7-9, Stevenson, WA. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-656. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, pp 105-111.

104     Pukkala, T. 2005. Volume and Taper Models for Forest Trees in Lao PDR. Sustainable Forestry and Rural Development Project - Lao PDR. Technical report. 17 p.

103     Pukkala, T. 2005. Growth Models for the indigenous forests and trees in Savannakhet, Lao PRD. Sustainable Forestry and Rural Development Project - Lao PDR. Technical report. 31 p.

2004

102     Palahí, M. & Pukkala. 2004. Aplicación de métodos heurísticos en la resolución de problemas de planificación forestal. Pròximamente en Cuadernos de la sociedad de ciencias forestales españolas, 18, 103-109.

101     Palahi, M., Pukkala, T., Perez, E. & Trasobares, A. 2004. Herramientas de soporte a la decision en la planificacion y gestion forestal. Montes 78(4): 40-48.

2003

100     Palahí, M., Trasobares, A., Pukkala, T. 2003. Implementing individual-tree models for optimising stand-level management of P. sylvestris and P. nigra in Catalonia. IUFRO Symposium: Silviculture and sustainable management in mountain forests. Navarra, Spain.

2002

99        Maltamo, M. Anttila, P., Eerikäinen, K., Lehikoinen, M., Löfman, S., Malinen, J. Pukkala, T., Pykäläinen, J. & Sironen, S. 2002. Team report from University of Joensuu, Faculty of Forestry, forest mensuration and planning. In: Heikkinen, J., Korhonen, K.T., Siitonen, M., Strandström, M. & Tomppo, E. (Eds.) Nordic trends in forest inventory, management planning and modelling. Metsäntutkimuslaitoksen tiedonantoja 860: 57-68.

98        Pukkala, T. 2002. Introduction to multi-objective forest planning. In: Pukkala, T.
(Ed.). Multi-objective forest planning. Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Dordrecht. Pp. 1-19.

97        Kurttila, M., Pukkala, T. and Kangas, J. 2002. Alue-ekologisten tarkastelujen malleja tilanrajat ylittävään yksityismetsien suunnitteluun. Metsäntutkimuslaitoksen tiedonantoja 858: 113-121.

96        Kurttila, M. and Pukkala, T. 2002. Combining economic and ecological efficiency in the forest planning of multiple ownership forestry. Proceedings of a meeting held in Denmark, May 2002.

2001

95        Woodward, S. Pratt, J.E., Pukkala, T., Spanos, K.A., Nicolotti, G., Tomiczek, C., Stenlid, J., Marçais and G. Lakomy, P. 2001. MOHIEF: Modelling of  Heterobasidion in European forests, an EU-funded research programme. IUFRO Proceedings.

94        Möykkynen, T. & Pukkala, T. 2001. Juurikäävän torjunta kuusikoissa – simulointituloksia. Metsätieteen aikakauskirja 3/2001: 458-460.

93        Pukkala, T. 2001. Metsänuudistaminen ja metsäsuunnittelu. In: Valkonen, S., Ruuska, J., Kolström, T. & Saarinen, M. (Editors) Onnistunut metsänuudistaminen. Metsälehti Kustannus. p. 49.51.

92        Kangas, J. & Pukkala, T. 2001. HERO heuristic optimisation for forest planning. Finnish Forest Research Institute, Research papers 791, 2000. 7 p.

91        Pukkala, T., Kangas, J. & Pykäläinen, J. 2001. Visual interactive planning in the private forests of Finland. Finnish Forest Research Institute, Research papers 791, 2000. 8 p.

90        Pukkala, T., Pykäläinen, J. & Lehikoinen, M. 2001. Multimedia as a documentation tool of forest planning. Finnish Forest Research Institute, Research papers 791, 2000. 7 p.

2000

89        von Gadow, K., Pukkala, T., & Tome, M. 2000. (Editors). Sustainable forest management. Kluwer Academic Publishers. 368 p.

88        Muchiri. M., Pukkala, T. & Miina, J. 2000. Developing decision support tools for the management of Grevillea robusta – maize agroforestry systems in Kenya. In: Pukkala, T. & Eerikäinen, K. 2000 (Edotors).  Establishment and management of tree plantations in southern and eastern Africa. University of Joensuu, Faculty of Forestry, Research Notes 120. 137 p.

87        Pukkala, T. & Eerikäinen, K. 2000 (Editors). Establishment and management of tree plantations in southern and eastern Africa. University of Joensuu, Faculty of Forestry, Research Notes 120. 137 p.

86        Nguvulu, C.,Z., Härkönen, S., Chendauka, B., Kigomo, B., Musokonyi, C., Muturi, G., Nshubemuki, L., Phiri, M. & Pukkala, T. 2000. An expert system for tree species selection in eastern and southern African region. University of Joensuu, Faculty of Forestry, Research Notes 113: 63-80.

85        Pukkala, T. (Editor) 2000. Selection of tree species for plantation forests in eastern and southern Africa. University of Joensuu, Faculty of Forestry, Research Notes 113: 80 p.

84        Pukkala, T. 2000. ViewPlan ja Virsu: Tie paperisuunnitelmasta tietokonesuunnitelmaan. University of Joensuu, Faculty of Forestry, Research Notes 105: 41-50.

83        Pukkala, T., & Pykäläinen, J. 2000. Super-HERO: Visuaalinen käyttöliittymä vuorovaikutteiseen optimointiin. University of Joensuu, Faculty of Forestry, Research Notes 105: 33-40.

82        Pukkala, T. (Editor) 2000. Visualisointi ja hypermedia metsäsuunnittelussa. University of Joensuu, Faculty of Forestry, Research Notes 105: 120 p.

1999

81        Pykäläinen, J., Pukkala, T. & Kurttila, M. 1999. Mitä metsän hoidon ja käytön ryhmäsuunnittelu voisi olla? Metsäntutkimuslaitoksen tiedonantoja 752: 27-32.

80        Pukkala, T. & Mabvurira, D. 1999. Optimising the management of Eucalyptus grandis plantations in Zimbabwe. In: Pukkala, T. and Eerikäinen, K. Growth and yield modelling of tree plantations in South and East Africa. University of Joensuu, Faculty of Forestry, Research Notes 97: 113-123.

79        Pukkala, T. and Eerikäinen, K. (Editors). 1999. Growth and yield modelling of tree plantations in South and East Africa. University of Joensuu, Faculty of Forestry, Research Notes 97. 218 p.

78        Pukkala, T. 1999. Forest research in East Africa: from practice to research. In: Opas-Hänninen, L-L. & Kouki, J. (Eds.). From Joensuu to the world. University of Joensuu.

77        Pukkala, T. 1999. Preparation of management models for mixed stands. IBN Scientific Contributions 15: 357-370.

1998

76        Pukkala, T. 1998. Forest inventory and planning. In: Kellomäki, S. (Ed.). Forest resources and sustainable management. Gummerus, Jyväskylä. p 186 - 215.

75        Kangas, J., Kangas, A. & Pukkala, T. 1998. Alue-ekologinen ote metsäsuunnittelussa: onko metsäsuunnittelun tutkimuksella tarjota eväitä siihen. Folia Forestalia 3/1998: 465 - 469.

74        Pukkala, T. and Eerikäinen, K. (Editors). 1998. Modelling the growth of tree plantations and agroforestry systems in South and East Africa. University of Joensuu, Faculty of Forestry, Research Notes 80. 253 p.

73        Nshubemuki, L. & Pukkala, T. 1998. Expert systems and their use in tree species selection. University of Joensuu, Faculty of Forestry, Research notes 80: 187 - 201.

72        Pukkala, T. 1998. Modelling tree - crop interactions in agroforestry systems. University of Joensuu, Faculty of Forestry, Research notes 80: 117 - 130.

71        Pukkala, T. and Eerikäinen, K. (Editors). 1998. Tree seedling production and management of plantation forests. University of Joensuu, Faculty of Forestry, Research Notes 68. 180 p.

70        Pukkala, T. 1998. Dependence of stand management on management goal.University of Joensuu, Faculty of Forestry, Research notes 68: 165-180.

1997

69        Pukkala, T. 1997. Riski ja epävarmuus metsäsuunnittelussa. Folia Forestalia 3/1997: 408-412.

68        Pukkala, T. 1997. The Megatrends of forest planning. In: Finnish Forests. Publ. by the University of Joensuu). Pp. 87-98.

67        Pukkala, T. 1997. Näkemys metsäsuunnittelun ja sen tutkimuksen tulevaisuudesta. Metsäntutkimuslaitoksen tiedonantoja 639: 50.58.

1996

66        Pukkala, T. 1996. Toward improved forest inventory in Lao PDR. Lessons learned in Dong Sithouan. Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Department of Forestry, Vientiane, Lao PDR. 18 p.

65        Pukkala, T. 1996. Inventory of the Dong Sithouan forest. Main report of the inventory of 1996. Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Department of Forestry, Vientiane, Lao PDR. 8 p.

64        Pukkala, T. 1996. Growth of the natural forests of Lao PDR. Preliminary results of growth measurements in the permanent sample plots of FOMACOP. Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Department of Forestry, Vientiane, Lao PDR. 8 p.

63        Pukkala, T. 1996. Calculation of forest inventory results. Guide to FOREST software. Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Department of Forestry, Vientiane, Lao PDR. 32 p.

1995

62        Pukkala, T. 1995. Aerial photography and forest mapping. Training manual. Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Department of Forestry, Vientiane, Lao PDR. 45 p.

61        Pukkala, T. 1995. Forest inventory. Training manual. Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Department of Forestry, Vientiane, Lao PDR. 48 p.

60        Pukkala, T. & Heikkinen, E. 1995. Establishment of permanent sample plots in the natural forests of Lao PDR. Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Department of Forestry, Vientiane, Lao PDR. 20 p.

59        Pukkala, T. 1995. Review of the forest inventory and planning systems in Lao PDR. Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Department of Forestry, Vientiane, Lao PDR. 27 p.

58        Kuuluvainen, T., Hokkanen, T.J., Järvinen, E. & Pukkala, T. 1995. Metsäekosysteemin tilarakenne ja metsän uudistuminen. Suomen Akatemian Julkaisuja 3/95: 7-37.

1994

57        Pukkala, T. 1994. New trends in forest planning in Finland. The Compiler 12(2): 32-34.

56        Pukkala, T. 1994. Onko kestävyys metsätalouden kivijalka vai kompastuskivi. Karjalainen 31.1.1994.

55        Kangas, J. & Pukkala, T. 1994. Analyyttisen hierarkia-prosessin käyttömahdollisuuksia metsäsuunnittelussa. Joensuun yliopisto. Metsätieteellinen tiedekunta. Tiedonantoja 16: 60-70.

54        Pukkala, T. & Kangas, J. 1994. HERO - Heuristinen optimointi-menetelmä metsäsuunnitteluun. Joensuun yliopisto. Metsätieteellinen tiedekunta. Tiedonantoja 16: 71-81.

1993

53        Pukkala, T. 1993. Yield and management of the indigenous forests and fuelwood plantations of Bura. University of Helsinki. Tropical Forestry Reports 9: 87-96.

52        Kuuluvainen, T., Hokkanen, T.J., Pukkala, T. & Järvinen, E. 1993. A zone influence model to predict the effects of trees on the spatial distribution of understorey vegetation and soil properties in a boreal Scots pine stand. Proceedings in a meeting on stochastic spatial models held in Greece, May 1993.

51        Pukkala, T. 1993. Metsämaisema metsäsuunnittelussa. Metsäntutkimuslaitoksen tiedonantoja 478: 29-36.

50        Pukkala, T. & Niemi, T. 1993. Quantity of trees on small farms of Nakuru and Nyandarua. Nakuru and Nyandarua Intensified Forestry Extension Project, Kenya. Technical Report No. 5. 34 p. + App.

49        Mannerkoski, H., Kolström, T. & Pukkala, T. 1993. Kaistajyrsintä istutusalueen muokkausmenetelmänä. Joensuun Yliopisto. Metsätieteellinen tiedekunta. Tiedonantoja 4. 16 p.

1992

48        Pukkala, T. 1992. Inventory and management of the fuelwood plantations and wild Prosopis juliflora in Bura. Bura Fuelwood Project, Kenya. Technical Report No. 4. 38 p. + App.

47        Nuutinen, T. & Pukkala, T. 1992. Long-term forestry management with landscape illustrations. The Joint FAO/ECE/ILO Committee on Forest Technology, Management and Training. Seminar on the use of information systems in forest management. Garpenberg (Sweden), 14-18 September 1992.

46        Pukkala, T. 1992. Metsätaloussuunnittelusta metsäsuunnitteluun. Joensuun yliopisto. Metsäylioppilaat 9, kurssijulkaisu.

45        Pukkala, T. 1992. Maisemanhoito ja metsien monikäyttö. Joensuun yliopisto. Metsätieteellinen tiedekunta. Tiedonantoja 1: 75-84.

44        Kangas, J., Matero, J. & Pukkala, T. 1992. Analyyttisen hierarkiaprosessin käyttö metsien monikäytön suunnittelussa - Tapaustutkimus. Metsäntutkimuslaitoksen tiedonantoja 412. 48 p.

43        Pukkala, T. 1992. Luontainen uudistaminen vaatii riskien tuntemista. Metsä ja Puu (1): 11-13.

42        Pukkala, T. 1992. Männyn siemensadon ennustaminen. Metsäntutkimuslaitoksen tiedontantoja 419: 24-33.

1991

41        Pukkala, T. 1991. Woody biomass Baseline survey. Nakuru and Nyandarua Intensified Forestry Extension Project. Enso Forest Development Oy ltd. & Ministry of Natural Resources of Kenya. 36 p. + App.

40        Pukkala, T. 1991. Development of containerized seedling produc­tion and forest tree improvement techniques and activities in Turkey. Appraisal of a project proposal and document submitted to FINNIDA. The Finnish International Develop­ment Agency. Mimeograph. 40 p.

39        Pohjonen, V., Muinonen, E. & Pukkala, T. 1991. M­o­n­itor­ing the changes in woody biomass density in the Sudan. In: Silva Carelica 21: 53-91.

1990

38        Pukkala, T. 1990. Keniassa polttopuuta kastelemalla. Metsä ja Puu (10): 44-45.

37        Sharma, E.R., Shrestha, P.P. & Pukkala, T. 1990. Volume of logs and sawn t­i­m­b­er. Forest Survey and Stati­stics Division. Publi­cation 52. Kath­mandu, Nepal. 56 p.

36        Pukkala, T., Sharma, E.R. & Rajbandhari, M.D. 1990. A guide to biomass modelling for forest inventory in Nepal. Forest Survey and Stati­stics Divis­ion. Publi­cation 51. Kath­mandu, Nepal. 44 p.

35        Pukkala, T. 1990. Inventory and growth of the plantations in Sagarnath Forest Development Project. Forest Survey and Statistics Divis­ion. Publi­cation 50. Kathmandu, Nepal. 29 p. + App.

34        Pukkala, T. & Rajbhandari, M.D. 1990. Improved computation system for stratified forest inventory in Nepal. Forest Survey and Statistics Division. Publi­cation 49. Kath­mandu, Nepal. 16 p.

33        Sharma, E.R. & Pukkala, T. 1990. Volume tables for forest trees of Nepal. Forest Survey and Statistics Division. Publication 48. Kathmandu, Nepal. 85 p.

33        Sharma, E.R. & Pukkala, T. 1990. Volume equations and biomass prediction of forest trees of Nepal. Forest Survey and Statis­tics Division. Publication 47. Kathmandu, Nepal. 16 p.

1989

30        Pukkala, T. 1989. Inventory and management planning in t­h­e fuelwood plantations and indigenous forests of Bura. Enso Forest Development Oy, Ltd. Mimeo. 51 pp.

30        Pukkala, T. 1989. Etiopian istutusurakka, vähän mutta varmasti. Metsä ja Puu (6): 24-26.

29        Pukkala, T. 1989. Kohti joustavampaa suunnittelua. M­e­tsä ja Puu (4): 21-23.

28        Pukkala, T. & Pohjonen, V. 1989. Yield models for E­t­hiopi­an highland eucalypts. United Nations S­u­da­no-Sahel­ian Office. New York. 42 pp.

1988

27        Pukkala, T. 1988. Studies on the effect of spatial pat­tern of trees on the diameter growth of Scots pine. Academic disser­tation. University of Joensuu. Publications in Science 13. 8 p.

26        Pohjonen, V. & Pukkala, T. 1988. Energiametsätalous Etiopiassa. Summary: Energy forestry in Ethiopia. Silva Carelica 12: 197-206.

25        Pukkala, T. 1988. Management planning system for m­ulti­ple use fores­try. University of Joensuu. Mimeograph. 11 p.

24        Pohjonen, V. & Pukkala, T. 1988. Nazret fuelwood p­lan­tation forest manag­ement plan for 1989-1994. United Nations Sudano-Sahel­ian Office. New York. 42 p.

23        Pukkala, T. & Pohjonen, V. 1988. Debre Birhan fuelwood plan­ta­tion forest management plan. United Nations Sudano-Sahelian Office. New York. 42 p.

22        Pukkala, T. 1988. Puuston ryhmittäisyys mukaan met­sä­talouden suunnitteluun. Metsä ja Puu (6): 30-31.

21        Pukkala, T. 1988. Monikäyttömetsänhoidon suunnit­telu. Metsä ja Puu (4): 16-18.

20        Pohjonen, V. & Pukkala, T. 1988. Growth o­f eucal­ypts in the Ethio­pian Highlands. Obser­va­tions on semi-per­manent sample plots. Addis Ababa. Mimeograph. 12 p. + App.

19        Pukkala, T. & Pohjonen, V. 1988. Measurement and calculation system for stem analy­sis, forest stand plot and com­partment inven­tory with special refere­nce to Eucalyp­tus globulus planta­tions in Ethiop­ia. UNDP, Field Of­fice, Addis Ababa. Mimeograph. 44 p.

18        Pukkala, T. 1988. Monikäytön suunnitteluohjelmisto MONSU. Ohjel­miston toimi­nta ja käytt­ö. Joen Forest Program Consulting. 40 p.

17        Pukkala, T. 1988. Viljelijän suunnitteluohjelmisto VISU. Ohjelmiston toiminta ja käyttö. Joen Forest Program Consulting. 55 p.

1987

16        Pukkala, T. & Pohjonen, V. 1987. Management planning system for Eucalyptus globulus plantations in Ethiopia. United Nations. Sudano-Sahelian Office. New York. 57 p.

15        Pohjonen, V. & Pukkala, T. 1987. Management tables of Eucalyptus globulus for fuelwood plantations in Ethiopia. United Nations. Sudano-Sahelian Office. New York. 92 p.

14        Pukkala, T. & Parikka, H. 1987. Metsätalouden suunnit­telu­ ohjel­misto MESU. Ohjelmiston toiminta ja käytt­ö. Joen Forest Program Consulting. 100 p.

13        Pukkala, T. & Parikka, H. 1987. Metsän mittauksen ohjelmisto MITTA. Ohjelmiston toiminta ja käyttö. Joen Forest Program Consulting. 6­5 p­.

1986

12        Pukkala, T. & Kellomäki, S. 1986. Maisemansuunnittelun simulointiohjelma. Joensuun yliopisto. MESI-projektin tiedonantoja 7. 29 p.

11        Pukkala, T. 1986. Kasvutekijöiden spatiaalinen vaih­telu. Joensuun yliopisto. MESI-projektin tiedonantoja 6. 28 p.

10        Nikkanen, T. & Pukkala, T. 1986. Siemenviljelmien harvennus ATK:n avulla. Metsä ja Puu (6): 34‑36.

9          Pukkala, T. & Kolström, T. 1986. Harsintametsän simulointimalli. Joensuun yliopisto. MESI-projektin tiedonantoja 5. 38 p.

8          Pukkala, T. & Kuuluvainen, T. 1986. Suoran säteilyn pidättyminen metsikössä. Simulointimalli. Joensuun yliopisto. MESI-projektin tiedonantoja 4. 30 p.

7          Pukkala, T. & Tahvanainen, T. 1986. Hajavalon pidättyminen metsikössä. Simulointimalli. Joensuun yliopisto. MESI-projektin tiedonantoja 3. 27 p.

1985

6          Pukkala, T. 1985. YSI. Yleinen metsikkösimulaattori. Joensuun yliopisto. MESI-projektin tiedonantoja 2. University of Joensuu. 63 p.

5          Pukkala, T. 1985. Luontaisen uudistamisen simuloin­ti­mal­li. Joensuun yliopisto. MESI-projektin tiedonantoja 1. 39 p.

1984

         Pukkala, T. 1984. Metsätalouden suunnittelun harjoitustyöohjeet. Joensuun yliopisto. 66 p.

3          Pukkala, T. 1984. Runkoanalyysin ja metsikkökoealan harjoitustyöohjeet. Joensuun yliopisto. 46 p.

2          Pukkala, T. 1984. Relaskooppiarvioinnin ja kuvioit­taisen arvioinnin harjoitustyöohjeet. Joensuun yliopisto. 46 p.

1          Kuuluvainen, T. & Pukkala, T. 1984. Metsänhoidon perusteet ja menetelmät. Harjoitustyöohjeita. Joensuun yliopisto. 61 p.